June 30, 2004

Pyongyang Wants 2 Million Kilowatts for Nuclear Freeze

The United States must arrange for the supply of 2 million kilowatts of energy aid and make other concessions if it wants North Korea to freeze its nuclear programs, the Associated Press reported today.

"Before North Korea starts freezing its nuclear program, the United States must provide our country with compensatory energy assistance in the amount equivalent to 2 million kilowatts, remove North Korea from the list of countries facilitating terrorism, and lift sanctions and the economic blockade from our country," said Pak Ui Chun, Pyongyang's ambassador to Russia. "The freeze will begin when the granting of compensation begins," he added. [via NTI: Global Security Newswire

North Korea responds to US offer

North Korea has cautiously welcomed a proposal by the US to end the 20-month impasse over its nuclear program.

A statement by the North Korean Foreign Ministry said some common ground was reached at six-nation talks which ended on Saturday in Beijing.

But it stressed that "big differences" remained, including disagreement over whether the North was harboring a secret enriched uranium program.

All parties have agreed in principle to meet again in September. [via BBC NEWS ]
June 29, 2004

UN clears Iran nuclear facility

International Atomic Energy Agency's Mohamed ElBaradei in talks in Moscow with President Vladimir Putin, said Russia's construction of Iran's first nuclear reactor, Bushehr, was not even discussed. The IAEA chief said the reactor was aimed at producing nuclear energy only, and there was an agreement to return spent fuel to Russia. Construction on the Bushehr reactor began in 2002, despite strong US objections. [via BBC NEWS].
June 28, 2004

Book Review: Their Day in the Sun: Women of the Manhattan Project

Book CoverThe story of the Manhattan Project is often told as a tale of several key people, guiding the complex and unseen process of developing an atomic bomb. The actual scale of the effort to produce the atomic bombs is easily ignored due to the difficult nature of telling a story of such a vast enterprise. Lost within this tale is the critical role of the many women who worked on the Manhattan Project.


In Their Day in the Sun, authors Ruth Howes and Caroline Herzenberg attempt to chronicle the roles that women played, from physicists and chemists at Los Alamos, public health specialists at Oak Ridge and Hanford to chemists at the Met Lab. This effort to learn more about the roles women played in the Manhattan Project reads like a detective story, as the authors combed written records and photographs to generate leads to pursue. Their efforts are valuable since so little has been documented. Howes and Herzenberg recount tales of the various scientific problems, the discrimination, the abrupt recruitment and the consequences of the project ending. The book does show the difficultly in locating information on this topic by the occasional short anecdotes. Nevertheless, the book is a worthy addition to any library.

North Korea willing to give up all nuclear weapons

North Korea has expressed willingness to give up all its nuclear weapons programs in a transparent way, China's chief delegate says, without specifying if this included uranium-enrichment.

"The parties, the US and the DRPK in particular, still have serious differences with regard to the two questions, but the progress made at the third round of talks has also demonstrated that these differences are narrowing."

The key stumbling, however, is whether this includes Pyongyang's alleged uranium program and nuclear programs for peaceful purposes.

The US side has repeatedly insisted North Korea must dismantle all its nuclear weapons programs, including uranium, but the unpredictable regime has persistently denied it operates uranium-based programs. [via Yahoo! News].
June 24, 2004

North Korea Nuclear Test Threat Casts Shadow Over Talks

A North Korean threat to test a nuclear device overshadowed six-way talks in Beijing after a series of gestures aimed at resolving the crisis over the North's nuclear ambitions. It has raised doubts that even faint progress can be made at the third round of crisis talks, now in their third day, between North and South Korea, the United States, Japan, Russia and China. [via Yahoo! News]
June 23, 2004

North Korean Nuclear Talks Underway

U.S. negotiators will offer North Korea new incentives to give up its nuclear weapons in talks in Beijing this week, including a provisional guarantee not to invade.

Negotiators from six parties open a third round of talks on the North Korean nuclear crisis in the Chinese capital on Wednesday. [via Yahoo! News]
June 22, 2004

India and Pakistan set up nuclear hotline

India and Pakistan have agreed to establish a hotline to defuse any possible problems between the two countries concerning nuclear weapons threats or nuclear accidents.

"A dedicated and secure hotline would be established between the two foreign secretaries through their respective foreign offices to prevent misunderstandings and reduce risks relevant to nuclear issues," said Navtej Sarna, spokesman for the Indian External Affairs Ministry.

"The spirit right now in the nuclear realm is to transcend beyond rhetoric and to do something substantive and concrete. That is the intent of the delegations we met here and that is the intent of the governments of Pakistan and India," said Pakistani Foreign Minister spokesman Masood Khan. [via CBC News]

U.S. Cities Vulnerable to Terrorist Attack with Improvised Nuclear Weapons

The Four Faces of Nuclear Terrorism, a new book from the Center for Nonproliferation Studies (CNS), warns that substandard security at nuclear facilities in Europe, Central Asia, Russia, and Pakistan increases the risk of terrorists seizing highly enriched uranium to make crude, but devastating, nuclear explosives. The book can be downloaded from Center for Nonproliferation Studies.
June 19, 2004

India-Pakistan Nuclear Talks Begin Tomorrow

India and Pakistan are scheduled to hold two-day talks beginning tomorrow in New Delhi on nuclear confidence-building measures. [via Nuclear Threat Initiative]
June 18, 2004

IAEA Board Adopts Resolution on Nuclear Safeguards in Iran

The United Nations' nuclear watchdog agency censured but did not sanction Iran for cover-ups Friday and warned Tehran to be more forthcoming if it wants an end to a probe of suspected activities.

Tehran threatened it might retaliate by reconsidering plans to suspend its uranium enrichment. [via International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and CBS News]
June 17, 2004

IAEA agrees Iran text

The United Nations nuclear agency has agreed a draft resolution criticising Iran's co-operation.Britain, France and Germany drafted the resolution as a compromise after the US wanted to hold Iran to a timetable that could trigger UN sanctions.

Iran has sharply criticized the text in advance and is threatening to resume enrichment of uranium if it is passed. [via BBC NEWS]
June 16, 2004

Iran Threatens to Resume Uranium Enrichment

Iran threatened on Wednesday to resume uranium enrichment, a process that could be used to make atomic bombs, if the U.N. nuclear agency passed a toughly-worded resolution rebuking Tehran for poor cooperation. [ via Yahoo! News]
June 14, 2004

Sudan Signs Nuclear Test Ban Treaty

Sudan signed the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, bringing the number of parties to the treaty to 172. [via NTI: Global Security Newswire ]

IAEA Expected to Rebuke Iran

International Atomic Energy Agency moved Monday toward a sharp rebuke of Iran for delaying a probe into its suspect nuclear activities. Delegates said Tehran would likely get off with a reprimand instead of sanctions. Iran's cooperation with U.N. nuclear inspectors is "less than satisfactory," ElBaradei said.

"We still have a central issue, and that is whether Iran has declared all its (uranium) enrichment activities." [via Yahoo! News]
June 09, 2004

House Panel Votes to Block New Nuclear Weapons

A U.S. House of Representatives subcommittee defied the Bush administration on Wednesday and slashed funds to study a new generation of deep-earth penetrating nuclear weapons and so-called low-yield nuclear weapons.[via Yahoo! News]
June 08, 2004

Three Russian Nuclear Submarines to be Scrapped

The United States and the United Kingdom are separately financing the disposal of three Russian missile-carrying submarines, officials announced this week. The United Kingdom paid nearly $20 million for the destruction of two Oscar-class, multipurpose nuclear submarines. The United States is funding disposal of a Typhoon class, nuclear-power submarine armed with 20 ballistic-missile launchers. [via NTI: Global Security Newswire]
June 06, 2004

If Hitler Had the Bomb?

Monday, June 7, 12 a.m. ET & 3 a.m. ET
National Geographic Channel

Follow the remarkable story of sabotage, endurance, and intrigue surrounding the Norwegian resistance effort to impede Germany's development of an atomic bomb during World War II. More Information

60th anniversary of D-Day

Today marks the 60th anniversary of the Allied invasion of Normandy. To all the veterans who fought for freedom during those dark times, thank you.

Chris Griffith
webmaster, atomicarchive.com
June 03, 2004

Nuclear Talks on North Korea to Begin June 23

The next round of high-level, six-nation talks on North Korea's nuclear programs is expected to begin on June 23, the Associated Press reported today. [via NTI: Global Security Newswire]

Administration Plans Significant Reduction in Nuclear Weapons Stockpile

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Administrator Linton F. Brooks, on behalf of the Secretaries of Energy and Defense, has submitted a classified report to Congress showing a significant reduction in the nation's total nuclear weapons stockpile by 2012.

The stockpile contains reserve warheads that back up the operationally deployed nuclear weapons. In 2001, President Bush announced that the operationally deployed force would be reduced to 1,700 - 2,200 nuclear weapons by 2012. His decision was later codified in the Moscow Treaty.

The full unclassified cover letter is available. [via U.S. Newswire]
June 02, 2004

Iran's Nuclear Program Reaches Critical Juncture

In the June 2004 issue of IEEE Spectrum, Senior News Editor William Sweet examines Iran's nuclear weapons program as it approaches a critical milestone. [via IEEE Spectrum ]
June 01, 2004

IAEA says Iran Changed Story on Centrifuges

Iran has acknowledged importing parts for centrifuges capable of making bomb-grade uranium which it previously said were made in Iran, the U.N. nuclear watchdog said in a confidential report. [via Yahoo! News ]

History Section Live!

The long developed history section has been added to the web site. It contains a detailed history of the Manhattan Project (that we have enhanced with addtional links and assets), the story of Enrico Fermi's work on the First Pile, and history of the Trinity Test, and a collection of pages on Signature Facilities of the Manhattan Project. We will be adding more sections over the coming year.

We are now looking at expanding the photo galleries. So stay tuned.

The direct url to this section is
http://www.atomicarchive.com/historymenu.shtml

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