Enrico Fermi (1901 - 1954)
Enrico Fermi was born in Rome, Italy. He won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1938 for the theory of beta-ray disintegration. He led the Manhattan Project's effort to create the first man-made and self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction.
After the war Fermi continued as a University of Chicago professor. He died of cancer in Chicago on November 28, 1954.