Niels Bohr (1885 - 1962)
Niels Bohr was born in Copenhagen. He is best known for his ground breaking work in atomic theory, which earned him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1922.
He was forced to flee Denmark in 1943. Bohr spent the remaining war years in the United States, where he participated in the Manhattan Project.
In 1955 he organized the first Atoms for Peace Conference. He died on November 18, 1962 in Copenhagen.