PRC's Nuclear Facilities

Harbin

Harbin in Heilogiang has been reported as a possible warhead assembly and production site.

45.747522°N, 126.648417°E

Jianggezhuang Submarine Base

The one operational Zia-class, nuclear powered submarine at this site is armed with the Julang-1 submarine-launched ballistic missile.

36.111027°N, 120.578363°E

Chinese Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang / Zitong

The Chinese Academy of Engineering Physics, also known as the Southwest Institute, is the primary design laboratory for Chinese nuclear weapons. An unknown number of warheads are stored at this site.

31.452829°N, 104.767513°E

China Institute of Atomic Energy, Tuoli

The China Institute of Atomic Energy (CIAE) at Tuoli, near Beijing, is a comprehensive research and production base in the nuclear research and development in China. Facilities include a laboratory-scale gaseous diffusion facility.

39.799997°N, 116.05°E

Base 21 Lop Nor

The People's Republic of China tests its nuclear weapons at Lop Nor. The first Chinese-made atom bomb (a fission device) was tested there on October 16°N, 1964; the first guided missile on October 27°N, 1966; and the first thermonuclear (fusion) device on December 28°N, 1966.

41.499321°N, 88.503542°E

Northwest Nuclear Weapons Research and Design Academy, Haiyan

The Haiyan or Koko Nor complex in Qinghai Province in Tibet was the major nuclear weapons R&D center in China and, up to the early 1970s it was the major weapons fabrication center as well. This large nuclear stockpile site and nearby weapons development complex had facilities for high explosive and fissile component production, general component (cases, electrical systems) production, final weapons assembly, HE component testing, and environment testing.

36.943255°N, 100.921869°E

Jiuquan Atomic Energy Complex

The Jiuquan Atomic Energy Complex (Plant 404) is centered on a 400-500MW light water graphite reactor fueled with natural uranium. The facility includes a pilot plutonium reprocessing plant and a large-scale reprocessing plant with a capacity of 300-400kg Pu/yr (both use PUREX method). It also includes a Nuclear Fuel Processing Plant for refining plutonium into weapons-usable metals.

40.220896°N, 97.3629°E

Lanzhou Nuclear Fuel Complex

The GDP became operational in 1964 and for many years was China's main site for highly enriched uranium (HEU) production for nuclear weapons. GDP uses the gaseous diffusion technique for uranium enrichment. In mid 1997, Chinese officials decided to shut down the Lanzhou enrichment facility due to its inefficient reliance on a large hydroelectric plant for electricity generation and the availability of more advanced enrichment technologies (such as gas centrifuges) from Russia.

36.143957°N, 103.495781°E

Yibin Nuclear Fuels Factory

The Nuclear Fuel Component Plant (Plant 812) is focused on Plutonium fuel rod fabrication, and plutonium production and processing for nuclear weapons. The Plant 812 facility is probably engaged in the production of tritium and Li-6 deuterium as part of China's nuclear weapons program.

28.770067°N, 104.614391°E

Chuxiong- 402 Brigade

Dong Feng-21 missiles can be launched from this site.

25.061926°N, 101.531782°E

Da Quaidam - 412 Brigade

Dong Feng-4 missiles can be launched from this site.

37.830124°N, 95.31086°E

Dalong- 403 Brigade

Dong Feng-3A missiles can be launched from this site.

26.647229°N, 114.034052°E

Datong- 409 Brigade

Datong is also the primary deployment base for 120 Hong-6 medium range bombers. Dong Feng-3A missiles can be launched from near this site.

36.609189°N, 103.329334°E

Delingha- 414 Brigade

Dong Feng-4 missiles can be launched from this site.

37.301368°N, 97.221107°E

Dengshahe - 410 Brigade

Dong Feng-3A missiles can be launched from this site.

39.216345°N, 122.065229°E

Jianshui- 408 Brigade

Dong Feng-3A missiles and Dong Feng-21A missiles, can be launched from this site.

23.616667°N, 102.816667°E

Kunming - 80303 Unit / 3 Division

Dong Feng-3A missiles can be launched from this site.

25.034594°N, 102.705002°E

Lianxiwang - 407 Brigade

Dong Feng-3A missiles and Dong Feng-21A missiles, can be launched from this site.

30.150675°N, 117.637825°E

Luoning- 401 Brigade

Dong Feng-5A missiles can be launched from this site.

34.355713°N, 111.636758°E

Sundian - 404 Brigade

Dong Feng-4 missiles can be launched from this site.

33.241128°N, 114.754944°E

Tongdao - 405 Brigade

Dong Feng-4 missiles can be launched from this site.

26.146116°N, 109.771893°E

Tonghua - 406 Brigade

Dong Feng-3A missiles and Dong Feng-21A missiles, can be launched from this site.

41.714955°N, 125.921516°E

Xiao Qaidam

Dong Feng-4 missiles can be launched from this site.

37.51667, 95.416646°E

Xuanhua

Dong Feng-5A missiles can be launched from this site.

40.625288°N, 115.11745°E

Yidu

Dong Feng-3A missiles can be launched from this site.

36.679984°N, 118.466692°E

Sources: Federation of American Scientists, Center for Non-Proliferation Studies, and Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Company Logo About Us | | Support | Privacy | Site Map | Weblog | Support Our Site

© Copyright 1998-2015 AJ Software & Multimedia All Rights Reserved

National Science FoundationNational Science Digital LibraryNuclear Pathways Member SiteThis project is part of the National Science Digital Library and was funded by the Division of Undergraduate Education, National Science Foundation Grant 0434253