C.I.S. Nuclear Forces

ICBMs comprise most of C.I.S.' nuclear deterrent. This is due to several reasons: the lack of warm water ports for submarines and the inherent problems of long-range bombers. C.I.S. ICBMs tend to be larger and carry bigger warheads. This is due to the poor accuracy of their missiles, thus a greater yield is needed to ensure that the target is destroyed.

The Russian force consists of the SS-18, SS-19, SS-24, SS-25 and the SS-27. START II will eliminate the SS-18 missiles, and the SS-19 will no longer be MIRVed.

The strategic warheads once deployed in the republics of Kazakhstan, Ukraine, and Belarus have been withdrawn and returned to Russia.

ICBMs

Name Launchers Warhead x yield
(kilotons)
Total
warheads
Total
megatons
SS-18 M4/M5/M6
(Satan)
180 10 x 550/750 (MIRV) 1,800 990
SS-19 M3 (Stiletto) 160 6 x 550 (MIRV) 960 720
SS-24 M1/M2 (Scalpel) 36/10 10 x 550 (MIRV) 460 253
SS-25 (Sickle) 360 1 x 550 360 198
SS-27 (Sickle-M) 10 1 x 550 10 198
Total 756 3,590 2,167

SLBMs

Name Launchers/
SSBNs
Warhead x yield
(kilotons)
Total
warheads
Total
megatons
SS-N-18 M1 (Stingray) 176/11 3 x 500 (MIRV) 528 264
SS-N-20 M1/M2 (Sturgeon) 60/3 10 x 200 (MIRV) 600 120
SS-N-23 (Skiff) 112/7 1 x 100 (MIRV) 448 45
Total 348/21 1,576 429

Bombers

Name Launchers Warhead x yield
(kilotons)
Total
warheads
Total
megatons
Tu-95 MS6
(Bear H6)
29 6 AS-15A ALCMs or
bombs
174 44
Tu-95 MS16
(Bear H16)
35 16 AS-15A ALCMs or
bombs
560 140
Tu-160
(Blackjack 25)
6 12 AS-15B ALCMs, or
12 AS-16 SRAMs or
bombs
72 18
Total 70 806 202

 

Grand Total 1,174   ~5,972 ~2,800

 

Information compiled by Robert S. Norris and William M. Arkin of the Natural Resources Defense Council. Inquiries should be directed to:

NRDC, 1200 New York Avenue, N.W., Suite 400, Washington, D.C., 20005 (v) 202-289-6868.

Source: Bulletin of Atomic Scientists and NRDC

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